2010-2015 National Strategy for People with Disabilities


 Full Report - PDF File  النسخة العربية
 

Executive Summary

·   Jordan was the first country in the Middle East to adopt national legislation for disability in addition to being one of the first countries that has updated the law to align it with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

·   Despite a strong legislative base, there is a lack of implementation and monitoring and a low level of services provided in terms of quality and quantity for people with disabilities in Jordan 

·   There is also a need to further limit the incidence of disability and ensure that persons with disabilities have access to their rights, that their needs are met and their aspirations respected

Key Findings

Overview

·   The results of the 2004 Population and Housing Census indicated:  

o   The majority of people with disabilities in Jordan are males

o   Disability types included deaf or hearing impaired, physically disabled, cerebral palsy, those with intellectual disabilities, blindness, or visually impaired

o   ~20% of the total number of disabled persons are under the age of 15

o   There are a large percentage of disabled persons among the 15-25 and 25-35 age groups

o   The majority of disabled people aged 15 years and over are illiterate

Legislation

·   The government is committed to protecting the right of persons with disabilities as evidenced by the issuance of the Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities no. 31 of 2007 and the issuance of international agreements to en­hance and protect the rights of disabled people

·   Despite legislative achievements, there is contradiction and opposition of some legislation with the Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. Jordan is also lacking the legal culture and awareness of the segments of society with regard to legislation for persons with disabilities

Health and Disability

·   Jordan faces challenges in the modernization of health services making it difficult to achieve a balance between the continued and increased demand for the maintenance of good quality, particularly for health services oriented to persons with disabilities

·   There is a need for better access to health services, including the creation of more effective mechanisms for early detection, diagnosis, early intervention, and referral

Habilitation, Rehabilitation, and Support Services

·   The habilitation and rehabilitation landscape is well developed in Jordan with the availability of a number of rehabilitation and specialized vocational training centers with trained professionals as well as professional programs for training persons with disabilities

·   The number of programs remains insufficient with no links between detection programs, diagnosis and rehabilitation institutions

Education, Higher Education, and Scientific Research

·   Jordan has made progress in education integration for persons with disabilities; however, there are weak linkages with detection and early intervention programs

·   While support from the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research and specialized colleges for people with disabilities and academic personnel are available in the country, there is a need to make greater efforts to support students with disabilities

Economic Empowerment

·   Jordan has made progress in human resources development indicators for persons with disabilities, through both quantitative inclusion and qualitative improvement in educational integration as well as exemptions, services, vocational training, and employment opportunities

·   Despite the provision of these services, there are a limited number of people with disabilities qualified professionally, a lack of necessary funding for the rehabilitation of vocational training centers, and a limited number of qualified instructors to deal with disabled

Family Empowerment and Social Protection

·   There is a need for improvement of the level of institutional services provided to persons with disabilities in order to achieve integration, independence, and to empower the family socially, psychologically, economically, and health-wise by building the capacity of the family to gain access to secure an inclusive society for people with disabilities

Accessibility

·   Jordan has undertaken efforts to change the surrounding environment in order to enable persons with disabilities to have access to facilities and public transportation:

·   Despite these efforts, people with disabilities are still facing issues due to insufficient suitable buses, public transportation a major obstacle to access, and weak oversight on construction by the authorities concerned

·   There is a need to ensure that access for persons with disabilities is not disproportionate to the physical environment, transportation, information and communications, and public facilities and services and to remove all obstacles in all governorates 

Media, Awareness and Culture

·   There is a need to raise awareness of the rights of persons with disabilities to enhance the process of reintegration to society

Violence, Abuse and Exploitation against Persons with Disabilities

·   Persons with disabilities are exposed to many negative influences both within and outside their families including abuse. Jordan has made significant progress in dealing with similar cases by issuing a Law on Protection from domestic violence in addition to other related laws and the establishment of frameworks and references for such cases 

·   There is still weak networking and coordination between institutions involved in the protection and prevention of persons with disabilities from violence, abuse, and exploitation and a lack of complementary and continuous programs offered among them

Networking with Civil Society Sector

·   Jordan enjoys the support of the political leadership and the presence of a strategy, legislation and laws, and the existence of the Supreme Council for the Affairs of Persons with Disabilities

·   Despite the support and potential for networking, there is an absence of the concept of social work and human rights associations and failure to ensure the continuity of partnerships between institutions

Recommended Initiatives/Actions

Highlights of the required actions is provided hereafter.

 

Legislation

·   Activate the Law on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities no. 31 of 2007

·   Amend national legislation in line with the Convention and awareness amendments agreed

·   Monitor the implementation of the International Convention on the Rights Act for disabled

Health and Disability

·   Promote research programs to gain access to the children with disabilities and link program to the detection and early intervention

·   Enhance detection programs and early intervention

·   Raise the quality of diagnostic software and strengthen national control mechanisms

·   Implement measures for people with disabilities to be covered by health insurance

Habilitation, Rehabilitation, and Support Services

·   Raise the quality of services provided by habilitation and rehabilitation programs and community-based rehabilitation

·   Distribute habilitation and rehabilitation services and intervention programs in governorates

Education,Higher Education and Scientific Research

·   Amend legislation to stimulate the integration of persons with disabilities in education

·   Create a Special Education Department with trained human resources

·   Support the provision of educational facilities and equipment and means of transport by facilitating the needs of persons with disabilities

·   Develop plans and programs for students in institutions of higher education

·   Support equal opportunity for people with disabilities to enroll in higher education institutions

·   Encourage scientific research in all areas of disability

Economic Empowerment

·   Prepare a database of persons with disabilities who wish to enroll in the labor market

·   Amend legislation on the economic sector in line with the law of the rights of persons with disabilities No. 31 of 2007

·   Increase opportunities for persons with disabilities to obtain business loans

Family Empowerment and Social Protection

·   Strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of rehabilitation services, training and institutional programs provided in coordination with partners

·   Support persons with disabilities in securing their right to housing

·   Providing appropriate financial aid for the needs of persons with disabilities

Accessibility

·   Adjust the building code for private housing of disabled people

·   Modify some of the public transport for use by persons with disabilities

Media, Awareness and Culture

·   Increase awareness of the rights of persons with disabilities especially from gender perspective

·   Strengthen the role of the relevant ministries and institutions in the implementation of the strategy and International Convention on the Rights of the Persons with a disability

Violence, Abuse and Exploitation against Persons with Disabilities

·   Increase the efficiency and speed of response of society and government institutions, national and non-governmental organizations to cope with violence, abuse and exploitation

·   Provide support and rehabilitation for persons with disabilities at risk of violence and abuse

Networking with Civil Society Sector

·   Build the capacity of non-governmental organizations’ human resources

·   Increase coordination, transparency and non-duplication among institutions

·   Activate the role of the private sector in partnership, networking and cooperation

 

Report Name

Date

Timeline

2010-2015 National Strategy for People with Disabilities

Not Available

2010-2015

Author

Supporting Donor

Higher Council for Affairs of Persons with Disabilities (HCAPD)

None

Sector

Lead Ministry

Social Policy

None

Key Topics

Accessibility – Awareness – Civil Society – Culture – Disability – Education – Empowerment – Habilitation – Health – Higher Education – Legislation – Media – Recreation – Rehabilitation – Social Protection – Sports

 

print
There is no comment.