National Strategic Wastewater Master Plan

 Full Report - PDF File  النسخة العربية

Executive Summary

·   Jordan’s wastewater collection system currently faces sewer overflow and overload challenges

·   Only 9% of the current localities in the country are connected to the wastewater system. More localities need to be connected for the population to be serviced

·   The Master plan targets an additional 1.3 million people to be served based on current population in localities identified for wastewater coverage

·   The Master Plan aims to create an investment plan for wastewater collection and treatment in order to cover all localities in Jordan that have more than 5,000 people by 2035. Enacting the Master Plan will increase wastewater collection and treatment coverage from 62% to 86% by 2035

Key Findings

The Report presents comprehensive data at the governorate level on current wastewater collection and treatment, specific targets per governorate, and itemized cost information. Key highlights at the national level are included in this summary.



·   Jordan has 27 wastewater facilities operated by the Water Authority of Jordan (WAJ), and four additional plants are under construction

·   There are a total of 1,042 localities in Jordan. 173 localities are larger than 5,000 people, and 86% percent of Jordanians live in these localities. 869 localities have fewer than 5,000 people, and 14% of Jordanians live in these localities

·   By 2035, the Master Plan expects 10 million people living in Jordan. Calculations on future wastewater coverage have used this number as a baseline

·   In 2013, wastewater costs in areas not currently connected to wastewater systems were higher than in areas already connected , though cost per person decreases as plant size increases

Current Wastewater Services

·   Currently only 91 out of 1,042 total localities are connected to the wastewater system. According to the 5,000 resident standard, 82 more localities need to be connected and 10% of the population needs to be serviced

·   The total capacity for the 31 wastewater facilities either operational or under construction is 6.7 million people. Currently the total population in all 173 localities with over 5,000 people is 5.5 million, allowing for a small buffer before plants reach capacity. Future population increases will decrease this buffer

·   Amman (84%), Aqaba (72%), and Jerash (69%) have the highest wastewater coverage rates, while Tafilah (31%), Karak (20%) and Mafraq (8%) have the lowest coverage rates

·   The Ministry of Water and Irrigation allocates water per day differently based on location. Amman receives the highest allocation of 120 liters per capita daily (lpcd). Other cities are allocated 100 lpcd, while suburbs and remote villages are allocated only 80 lpcd

Master Plan Coverage

·   Immediate priorities are in Amman, Balqa, and Irbid because there remain localities that should be served according to the 5,000 person standard.Short-term and long-term priorities are more wide-reaching and cover all governorates

·   Based on current population in localities targeted for wastewater coverage, an additional 1.3 million people will be served over the course of the Master Plan implementation. In 2035, it is expected that the total population in areas with fewer than 5,000 people will be approximately 1.5 million, leaving these people beyond wastewater coverage. Localities with fewer than 5,000 will only be connected to waste water collection if there are risks related to sanitation and health considerations

Recommended Actions and Initiatives

The total projected cost for the Master Plan is JD 1.644 billion. The Plan’s initiatives are divided into three categories: Immediate  (2013-2015), Short-term (2016-2025), and Long-term (2026-2035)


Priority 1: Immediate Coverage, 2013-2015

·   Address cases in which the wastewater collection system has sewer overflow problems, or the sewers are overloaded

·   Address cases in which a plant is overloaded or operating very near its capacity

·   Most work based on these recommendations will be conducted in Amman, Balqa, Zarqa, Irbid, Mafraq, and Ma’an

Priority 2: Short-term Coverage,  2016-2025

·   Address cases in which an existing wastewater system is projected to reach its capacity by 2016-2025 or is relying on a septic tank but has not created other sanitation problems

·  Address cases in which a locality does not have a wastewater system and poses a high risk of contaminating ground-water or other sources used for drinking water, regardless of the size of the locality

Priority 3: Long-term Coverage, 2026-2035

·   Address cases in which population in a locality is greater than 5,000 and does not have wastewater collection systems

·   Expand existing wastewater treatment plants to accommodate population increases after 2025


Report Name



National Strategic Wastewater Master Plan

October 2013



Supporting Donor

International Resources Group (IRG)



Lead Ministry

Wastewater Treatment

Ministry of Water and Irrigation

Key Topics

Governorate statistics – Ground-Water Contamination – Population Increases –size of Localities – Sanitary standards– Septic Tanks – Sewer Overflow – Wastewater Coverage – Wastewater Facilities – Wastewater Master Plan – Water Allocation


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