The Jordan National Employment-Technical and Vocational Education and Training (E-TVET) Strategy

 Full Report - PDF File  النسخة العربية

Executive Summary

·   The strategy incorporates the results of the first E-TVET Strategy of 2008-2013 and identifies five pillars that require building or further advancements:


Relevance of education and training for employability

Inclusiveness of the TVET system, especially for women and people with disabilities

Performance measurement

Sustainable and effective funding

·   TVET sector is a major contributor to economic growth, human capital development, and social cohesion in Jordan

·   The landscape for the E-TVET sector has changed since the writing of the first strategy. Influx of refugees has increased competition for jobs, and economic downturn has decreased stakeholder capacity to fund E-TVET reform

·   The aim of the E-TVET strategy is to develop and implement a demand-driven E-TVET system that enables Jordanians to fulfill their career aspirations and contributes to economic growth and social development

Key Findings


·   There is a lack of coordination between the different stakeholders in the E-TVET sector with regard to policy setting and strategy development

o    Fragmentation of the sector leads to duplication of work and loss of resources

o    The E-TVET Council and CAQA, Centre for Accreditation and Quality Assurance, only have influence on VTC, Vocational Training Centers, and private institutes because the MoE and Balqa Applied University’s (BAU) centers are regulated independently

·   The private sector, civil society, and social partners are weakly represented in the sector as there are few mechanisms for them to invest in the sector

Relevance for Employability

·   TVET is not considered a good education and training pathway as it has no links to higher levels of education and training, and no prospects for lifelong learning and career advancement

·   There remains no systemic survey of employers, which would provide a baseline and measure the improved responsiveness of the TVET system

·   The training center for trainers in Marka must be strengthened to improve the caliber of instructional delivery, hence training providers

·   Changes are required in the process of teacher/ trainer recruitment to focus on technical competence and industrial experience

Inclusiveness of E-TVET Training

·   Jordan experiences a low labor force participation rate, 32.4% in 2013, while utilizing many foreign workers with 290,000 work permits issued in 2013. This is mainly due to a mismatch in supply and demand of labor

·   Historically TVET education has targeted able-bodies Jordanian males with women constituting only 37% of total enrollment in vocational/technical training. Including more women and people with disabilities can help correct the mismatch

·   Female TVET is often informally limited to pre-defined areas of traditional female employment such as hairdressing

·   WHO estimates the number of people with disabilities in Jordan between 196,100 and 524,700. These Jordanians often prefer academic programs and careers over TVET because they perceive the university environment more accommodating

Performance Measurement

·   Improving the performance of the TVET system requires monitoring at every level: courses, instructors, management, funding, and quality assurance

·   Different indicators will need to be monitored over time to focus on the various aspects of performance

·   Reasons for assessing the performance of a TVET system include establishing accountability, developing policy and strategy, improving quality, and establishing performance-based funding mechanisms

Sustainable and Effective Funding

·   International organizations have reported a 20% or higher economic rate of return for TVET investment

·   Jordanians with TVET training earn an additional 17,000 JOD over their working lifetime, which significantly exceeds the average TVET training cost per person in Jordan

·   Jordan currently invests 0.3% of GDP in TVET, while international levels stand at around 1.5 to 2.0% of GDP

·   Sustainable funding source and efficient and high-quality financial management are key issues affecting the development of the sector

Recommended Actions and Initiatives

Recommendations are provided on how it would be best to improve the status of the various pillars and achieve strategic results. A set of performance indicators are defined and deployed to monitor progress against the desired results. Targets and key actions to be undertaken are also determined. Highlights of the recommended actions are provided.



·   Create synergies and achieve alignment and harmonization of E-TVET services by empowering the E-TVET Council, its related Secretariat, and the CAQA to be the one coordinating mechanism and policy setting body

·   Fully integrate partnership with private sector and empower their contributions by developing a sector-wide plan

·   Reform HR sector based on determination of human resource development needs. An organization should be mandated for all Human Resources Development needs to collaborate with the E-TVET Council. This will also empower Jordan to become an educational hub in the region

·   A Working Group should also create a comprehensive regulatory framework for the Council

Relevance for Employability

·   Progressively audit E-TVET programs to ensure students are learning transferable/relevant skills

·   Focus on priority areas for sustained economic growth and build programs to develop technician-level qualification in close cooperation with industry

·   Enhance the attractiveness of E-TVET by developing a National Qualifications Framework  and improving facilities, equipment, and materials

·   Review the system for appointment of E-TVET instructors to ensure instructors are qualified and institute a performance management system

·   Create industry-led advisory committees for each training program to support engagement and applicability of training

·   Use sector surveys, student surveys, and HR development plans to determine necessary skills in each sector

Inclusiveness of E-TVET Training

·   Conduct media campaigns targeted toward employers to change stereotypes of female work

·   Create gender-specific curricula in E-TVET programs and apprenticeships, including management and leadership courses for women

·   Make facilities safe and accessible for people with disabilities, and pre-identify suitable job placements based on the nature of their disability.

·   Entice youth to be interested in E-TVET programs, by educating them on labor market information and statistics

·   Encourage actors in the informal sector to become formalized, by formalizing training programs and businesses that are currently informal

Performance Measurement 

·   Determine indicators of performance measurement and methods to measure and present data 

·   Use results of demand and supply surveys in performance assessment

·   Create a clear legal mandate for the CAQA to institute audits

·   Create a central database for all E-TVET information, using student National ID numbers to enhance quality and consistency of data

Sustainable and Effective Funding

·   Create economic model to demonstrate E-TVET’s contribution to growth, which can be used in efforts to lobby for increase funding

·   Raise E-TVET funding closer to 1.0% of GDP to become comparable with international practice

·   Implement an enterprise payroll tax designed with employers as a sustainable source of financing

·   Modify the medium-term economic budget to plan for future increases in E-TVET expenditure by creating a working group to advise on the necessary steps

·   Empower E-TVET Council to make decisions on allocation of resources in the sector by conducting a coordinated legal and regulatory review

·   Allow institutions to create private sector partnerships and obtain independent revenue sources


Report Name



The Jordan National Employment-Technical and Vocational Education and Training (E-TVET) Strategy




Supporting Donor

National E-TVET Council



Lead Ministry

Education and Training

Ministry of Labor

Key Topics

Competitiveness – Employment – Female Participation in E-TVET – Funding – Governance – Inclusiveness –Payroll Tax – People with disabilities – Performance Measurement – Private-sector partnership – Quality Assurance – Relevance for Employability – Technical/vocational training

There is no comment.