2014-2016 National Resilience Plan


Full Report - PDF File النسخة العربية

Executive Summary

·The National Resilience Plan (NRP) strategy is designed to help host communities ‘cope’ (meet immediate needs), ‘recover’ (restore capacities and services to pre-crisis levels), and ‘sustain’ (lay foundation for long-term institutional and socioeconomic strength)

·The flow of Syrians into Jordan (575,000 registered refuges as per January 2014 statistics) has placed a financial, social, and institutional strain on Jordan

·The total cost for the proposed resilience plan interventions is USD 2.41 billion, totaling USD 4.13 billion with subsidies for Syrian refugees and security support

·Key suggested areas of intervention are education, energy, housing, employment, municipal services, social protections, and water and sanitation

·The Host Community Support Platform (HCSP) was established in September 2013 to coordinate execution of National Resilience Plan among the Government, UN agencies, and other donor organizations

Key Findings

·The influx of refugees has placed a strain on economic progress in Jordan:

o Inflation in food, fuel, and rent prices

o Estimated 2% decrease in GDP growth and a decrease in FDI

o Increase in trade deficit, budget deficit, public debt, and people below poverty line

o Strain on service infrastructure, especially schools, hospitals, and sewage and water system

 

Education

·100,000 Syrian students are enrolled in Jordanian schools due to a policy permitting children who have missed less than three years of school to enroll.  This has resulted in a rapid expansion of educational infrastructure and costs, (an additional JOD 200 million), and has decreased the quality of education by instituting shorter school days and larger classes. 36% of schools are considered over-crowded

 

Energy

·Residential energy consumption has increased 9.44% from 2011-2012, up from only 5.9% in 2010-2011.  However, the supply has decreased due to disruptions in Egyptian natural gas

·72% of aid money is projected to go to energy needs with USD 93.6 million for electricity and USD 16.6 million for cooking gas

 

Health

·The Syrian crisis has resulted in increased prevalence of disease and projected reversal in Millennium Development Goal indicators

·The 2012 decree that granted Syrians access to national healthcare services has strained infrastructure and increased the cost of national system: shortage of health staff, drugs and medicines, and medical equipment

·Medical expenses related to Syrian refugees is estimated at USD 200 million for 2013

 

Housing

·The supply and demand in the housing market is not harmonized, even before the Syrian crisis: 28,000 housing units produce for demand of 32,000 units(2004-2011)

·Housing stock has been exhausted, resulting in increase in rental prices in northern Jordan

·While 20% of refugees reside in camps, 80% are located in host communities

 

Livelihood and Employment

·The influx of refugees has negatively affected the most vulnerable Jordanians in the North, especially in Amman, Mafraq, Ibrid, and Zarqa

·The number of poor households is steadily increasing, resulting in decreased access to services

·A downward pressure on labor is resulting in displaced Jordanian labor and enlarged informal economy. An estimated 8.4% of the labor force in the North and a third of the unemployed are composed of Syrians

·The conflict has also interrupted agriculture trade and informal activity with Syria, which was a source of income for many Jordanians in the North

 

Municipal services

·Municipalities do not have the capacity to meet service delivery and development priorities; Mafraq, Irbid, and Amman are most affected by the refugee influx, and solid waste disposal, already at capacity before the crisis, has been overloaded

·Increased numbers of Syrians has resulted in local tension

·Planned electoral and development programs in affected areas have been put on hold to prioritize resources and political capital

 

Social protection

·The majority of Syrian refugees are vulnerable groups, namely women and children

·7% of Family Protection Department’s 2013 cases were Syrian refugees

·Syrian refugees are diverting social services from poor Jordanians. “The Syrian crisis has put pressure on the coping mechanisms for the most vulnerable groups, i.e poor households, female headed households, survivors of violence; as well as social services available to support these groups”. Direct and indirect impact of the crisis has resulted in an extra 20,000 Jordanian families on the National Assistance Fund’s aid programs

·Community-based protection mechanisms are weak due to the increased social tension

 

Water and Sanitation

·Northern governorates have experienced a reduction of water per capita and increased pressure on wastewater systems due to Syrian influx

·In many areas in Jordan, the water available per person per day is well below standard levels, as low as 30 l/p/d against a standard of 100 l/p/d

·40-50% of water is lost through network breakdowns, leaks, or illegal consumption

Recommended Actions and Initiatives

Recommendations are provided on how best to improve the status of the various pillars and achieve strategic results. A set of specific performance indicators and targets are defined to monitor progress towards the desired results. Highlights of the recommended actions are provided in this summary.

 

Education

·Strengthen capacity of education system and Ministry of Education to respond to increase in students resulting from emergency situations by creating crisis policy frameworks and increased utilization of the ministry’s capacities

·Ensure quality of education remains strong by enhancing early childhood programs, providing professional development for teachers, and addressing psycho-social needs of students

 

Energy

·Rapid sustainable energy solutions (38,000 solar water heaters and 3 million energy efficient light bulbs) to offset immediate demand for energy

·Pursue other renewable energy solutions for the medium-term, especially solar

 

Health

·Provide urgent financial support to the Ministry of Health to fill in the financial gap as a result of Syrian crisis

·Control health expenditures and communicable and non-communicable diseases

·Increase capacity of medical facilities, including equipment personnel, and medicines

 

Housing

·Need for increased humanitarian shelter, a large-scale affordable housing program, and institutional reform to fix structural weaknesses in the housing market

·Create improved housing-related institutions and regulations

 

Livelihood and Employment

·Create more and better job opportunities for the poor and vulnerable, especially women and youth

·Revive local economies by supporting micro and SMEs

·Improve food security and restore/preserve pastoral lands

 

Municipal Services

·Improve delivery of municipal services in host communities, to meet the needs of the entire community

·Align development projects with challenges induced by Syrian refugees

·Create frameworks to make local governments become more resilient to crisis

 

Social Protection

·Strengthen protections to meet the needs of the most affected areas and among Syrian refugees

·Mitigate violence and tension between host communities and Syrians

 

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

·Enhance the quality, quantity, and efficiency of water delivery

·Expand access to sanitation services

·Address cross-cutting water and sanitation issues in schools and public facilities

·Community mobilization and awareness

Report Name

Date

Timeline

2014-2016 National Resilience Plan

January 2014

2014-2016

Author

Supporting Donor

Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation

Host Community Support Platform

United Nations

Sector

Lead Ministry

Resilience and Risk Mitigation

Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation

Key Topics

Education – weak Economic Growth – Employment – increased Energy Consumption – Host Community Support Program (HCSP) – Healthcare– Housing–Livelihood – Municipal Services – Social Protection – Refugees – Renewable Energy – Water and Sanitation

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