2011 Population Status-Executive Summary


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Executive Summary

· Jordan is experiencing a sharp decline in population growth with 2.2% in 2009 compared to 4% in the 1990s. The population amounted to 2.1m in 1979 and 6.1m in 2010

· The decline in growth rate is due to major structural socio-economic changes particularly demographic ones

· It is predicted Jordan will experience a demographic window lasting roughly from 2037 into 2050 with the ratio of people below 15 years declining and more widening to the working age populace

· Jordan must engage in the appropriate social, political, and economic reforms in order to take advantage of the demographic window, such as:

o Increase social safety net and income of poor

o Increase investment and competitiveness

o Enact legislation to prepare Jordan’s infrastructure

Key Findings

· Structural changes are responsible for the decrease in population growth

o Declining fertility from 5.6 (1990) to 3.8 (2009)

o Decreased infant mortality

o Increased use of family planning

o Increased education (especially for women), urbanization, growth of industrial and service sectors (instead of agriculture), and improved healthcare

· Age structure has changed with the decline in population growth

o Children under 15 are 37% of total population in 2009 down from 50% up until 1970s, and expected to continue decreasing

o Expected increase in 15-64 age group

· Demographic dependency ratio of 0.68 in 2009 will decline dramatically to 0.49 by 2050

Recommended Actions and Initiatives

The demographic window is believed to occur once and last for period of up to 40 years.Therefore, the government, civil society, and the private sector should participate in adopting strategies, policies, and procedures to fully utilize it.

 

Human and Social Development

· Enlarge the potentials of income sources to individuals and families by:

o Raising the minimum wage

o Reevaluating the privatization of public companies

o Generating new job opportunities in both private and public entities

o Motivating both domestic and foreign direct investments generating more jobs and income

o Promoting self-employment projects

· Enlarge social safety nets, social security and social insurances to workers in Micro and Small Enterprises, self-employed and wage workers in the agricultural sector

· Revise investment laws to ensure that foreign investment will employ at least 60% of its employees from local laborer

· Replace guest workers by Jordanian laborers in a smooth and vested plan by rehabilitating domestic labor technically and professionally to update their potentials and capabilities to increase their competitiveness

· Continual development of legislation that ensure the availability of fair wages, and fair working environment provided with social and health insurance to sustain better living conditions

· Draw housing policies that take into consideration the future increase of population and match to their income

· Develop housing plans to prepare for expected population increases

· Provide more services to adults due to expected increase of their ratio during the demographic window

· Expand the building of more sport lands, youth clubs, and activate schools’ role in a cultural, and sport activities after formal study hours

Skilled Workforce

· Review school, university texts, and study plans to promote innovative thinking

· Upgrade vocational training based on international standards and provide accredited international certificates so as to raise workforce competency in the Arab and international labor market

· Provide the market with more Physician specialists due to increasing medical needs

· Support and promote Physician studies especially for local community females

Business Enabling Environment

· Enact legislation, namely the Monopoly Protection and Competitiveness Laws, to rebalance market mechanisms

· Fully support entrepreneurship, innovative ideas, and promote feasible start-up projects with concessionary loans and non-financial assistance

· Teach entrepreneurship and innovative business thinking in universities

· Promote investment in industry and agriculture, not only in services sector

· Increase R&D in agricultural and industrial sectors

· Institutionalize Corporate Social Responsibility and assure the collaboration of all related parties to reduce poverty and unemployment

Macro-Economics

· Review the tax system

· Coordinate and activate monetary and fiscal policies to play their active roles in eradicating poverty and employment including at the level of Micro and Small Enterprises where these can play a major role in regulating Micro-financing and guiding the Microfinance Institutions’ programs and their lending policies

Management of Resources

· Expand water and sewage services to cover all governorates, and set more efforts to protect water resources from pollution

· Develop environmental protection regulations to minimize the adverse effects from industrial garbage and solid waste

· Review the feasibility of providing water supplies from efficient sources available in Jordan

· Promote the expansion of vertical buildings, rather than horizontal ones to preserve agricultural areas, and expand the poor-families housing to cover more beneficiaries

Government Performance& Processes

· Reinforce political development, transparent decision-making, advanced legislation, and good governance

· Activate the means and ways of utilizing the Department of Statistics DOS data, updating it, ensuring its accuracy and validity at the governorate, district, city and municipality levels

· Relate National Aid Fund monthly cash aid with the Employment Program at the Ministry of labor, Vocational Training Corporation, and development & employment fund so as to enable the poor, and increase their participation in work force, rather than depending on government aid

· Establish a special entity to formulate a database for migrants into Jordan, and Jordanian laborers abroad

 

Report Name

Date

Timeline

2011 Population Status-Executive Summary

2011

Not Relevant

Author

Supporting Donor

Not Available

None

Sector

Lead Ministry

Human and Social Development

None

Key Topics

Age structure – Competitiveness – Dependency Rate – Demographic Window – Entrepreneurship – FDI – Fertility – Increase Wages – Local Labor – Population Growth Rate – Poverty Eradication – Social Welfare

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